Nutrition Newsbytes

Menstuff® has compiled the following newsbytes on Nutrition.

National Nutrition Month - March

Los Niños Y Sus Huesos: Una Guía Para Los Padres (Kids And Their Bones: A Guide For Parents)

Los niños y sus huesos: una guía para los padres is a new Spanish-language publication for parents about bone health in children and how to prevent the future development of osteoporosis, a disease that causes bones to become fragile and break easily. This publication complements the original version of Kids and Their Bones: A Guide for Parents released last year. Both publications are available free of charge from the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS).

Vitamin D and Bone Growth

Merck's bone-building drug Fosamax Plus D contains 2,800 international units (IU) of vitamin D3, which, along with calcium, is crucial for bone health. You might be confused to hear, then, that the Institute of Medicine says an "adequate" daily intake for adults is 400 to 600 IU and that the "tolerance upper intake" is 2,000 IU daily.

Vitamin D toxicity can cause nausea, vomiting, poor appetite, constipation, weakness, and weight loss. It can also raise blood levels of calcium, causing mental status changes such as confusion. High blood levels of calcium also can cause heart rhythm abnormalities. Calcinosis, the deposition of calcium and phosphate in the body's soft tissues such as the kidney, can also be caused by vitamin D toxicity.

Sun exposure is unlikely to result in vitamin D toxicity. Diet is also unlikely to cause vitamin D toxicity, unless large amounts of cod liver oil are consumed. Vitamin D toxicity is much more likely to occur from high intakes of vitamin D in supplements. The Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine has set the tolerable upper intake level (UL) for vitamin D at 25 µg (1,000 IU) for infants up to 12 months of age and 50 µg (2,000 IU) for children, adults, pregnant, and lactating women. Long term intakes above the UL increase the risk of adverse health effects.

Not to worry though: It's "very safe" to take a week's worth of this vitamin at one time, says Ethel Siris, an osteoporosis specialist at Columbia University in New York and president of the National Osteroporosis Foundation. The upper limit is an amount that might be harmful if taken every day, she says. She adds: "I personally take a 10,000 IU D3 pill once a week - for the convenience - which is 1,400 IU per day." A fact sheet on Vitamin D can be found at

For more information or additional copies of this document, please contact: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Mail Stop K–47, Atlanta, GA 30341-3717 or 770.488.2424 or Fax 770.488.8151 or E-mail or

As the 2000 Dietary Guidelines for Americans state, "Different foods contain different nutrients and other healthful substances. No single food can supply all the nutrients in the amounts you need" [61]. For more information about building a healthful diet, refer to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans [61] and the US Department of Agriculture's Food Guide Pyramid [62]

Source: USA Today and

Dutch Diet Contains Too Little Folic Acid

The average Dutch person consumes about 85 percent of the recommended daily intake of folic acid. Furthermore, it is estimated that our bodies fail to absorb no less than one quarter of the folic acid in food. These findings were made by Alida Melse-Boonstra during her doctoral research, which she carried out at the Wageningen Centre for Food Sciences and Wageningen University.

The New Food Pyramid

Eating right today can do wonders for your health. Learn more about the new food pyramid so you can get the nutrients your body -- and your mind -- need to stay healthy.

Junk Food and Kids

Don't think what your kid eats makes a difference? An Oxford University study showed that giving children essential fats found in fish and nuts can dramatically improve learning and behavior. Startling results in underachieving children were achieved after just three months.

Omega-3 Update: Fish Fat to the Rescue

Salmon, herring, and mackerel are swimming in healthy omega-3 fatty acids, which help maintain heart health, brain development, and protect against disease. Not convinced? Well, here's another reason to cast your line for fish.

Fast-Food Market Hustles To Get In Shape

Nutrition has emerged as the fast-food industry's hottest buzzword in decades.

The Forbidden Fruit Tastes Sweetest

You know you shouldn't have it, but it tastes so good! Research shows why hunger seems to alter your taste buds.

Nourish Your Smile With A Well-Balanced Diet

At this time of year, people are either benefiting from their New Year's resolution to eat correctly or in need of encouragement. Since Nutrition Month Awareness is in March, it's a good time to restart the program. And, eating correctly not only reduces risks of diabetes and heart disease, it benefits oral health as well.
Source: American Academy of Periodontology,

Meeting Your Body's Nutrient Needs

Alert: The recommendations on water, sodium, and potassium intake have just been modified. You may be surprised at where they stand now!

Drinks Pour On Nutrition To Appeal To Parents

The 90 billion dollar beverage world is figuring out that parents will pay premiums for more nutritious drinks for their kids.

Power Bars, Power Calories

Energy snacks are often less nutritious than you think.

USDA Proposes Personalizing Food Pyramid

The government's food guide pyramid would provide consumers with a formula to personalize their diets based on how much they exercise, their age, gender, weight and height under a new proposal by the Agriculture Department.

GI, As In Glycemic Index

Should people really care that they digest potatoes faster than carrots?

Poor American Families Face "Eat Or Heat" Dilemma

Poor families respond to higher heating costs in the winter by buying less food and eating fewer calories -- a tradeoff that richer families don't have to make, a nationwide study concludes.
Source: Center for the Advancement of Health,

Can The Fast-Food Industry Lead Us To Better Health?

Nutrition has emerged as the fast-food industry's hottest buzzword in decades. Read the story and comments from a Harvard physician.

Study Fleshes Out The Food-Stress Link

If your response to stress is to reach for the nearest doughnut, there's good news and bad news.

Japan's Schools Still Avoid Beef In Meals Due To Mad Cow Fears

Hundreds of Japan's public elementary and junior high schools with student lunch programs are still refusing to use beef because of worries about mad cow disease, according to a recent government survey.

Power Bars, Power Calories

Energy snacks are often less nutritious than you think

Schools Scrap the Junk Food

Too many kids have unhealthy diets, study says.

Eating and Aging

Tips for overcoming eating difficulties

The Goods on Garlic

It has antiviral and antibacterial properties.

Stroke 'Belts' Tied to Long-Ago Malnutrition

Effects of deprivation in pregnancy felt to this day, study finds. Source:

Steroid Can Prevent Eczema Flare-Ups

Effective as deterrent as well as treatment, study says.

Regular Fasting Seems To Improve Health

The health benefits of sharply cutting calories may occur after periodic fasting, even if the fast does not result in eating less overall, a new report indicates.

Bread and Cereal for a Healthier Heart

Forget fruits and vegetables for a moment and let's make a toast to the benefits of toast! Just a few slices of bread a day can go a long way toward keeping you healthier.

Briefcase Breakfasts

"Eat your breakfast," Mom always said -- and nutritionists and fitness gurus agree. But what if you're too short on time first thing in the morning? No more excuses -- here's a briefcase full of healthy breakfasts you can eat on the go.

Log On and Lighten Up

California study finds weekly e-mails with eating tips trigger dieting changes.

Freshmen Feasts

Avoid gaining weight at college.

Multivitamins Appear To Decrease The Frequency Of Minor Infections

A daily multivitamin and mineral supplement reduced the incidence of infection and related work absenteeism among healthy people aged 45 or older, according to a new randomized, controlled trial.
Source: American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine,

Family Mealtime Is More Than Just Sitting At The Table

Sitting down as a family at the dinner table appears to play an important role in promoting healthful eating among adolescents, according to a study published in the March 2003 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.
Source: American Dietetic Association,

Lowering Your Sugar Intake

People should get no more than 10 percent of their calories from sugar, experts say in a major new report Monday on how to stem the global epidemic of obesity-linked diseases. Read the story and comments from a Harvard physician.

Veneman Outlines Administration Goals For Child Nutrition Programs

Agriculture Secretary Ann M. Veneman outlined Bush Administration principles for the reauthorization of the child nutrition programs, including providing financial support to schools that promote good nutrition and partnerships at the federal, state and local levels. More specific details will be provided in the coming months as the Congress begins to examine more closely the reauthorization of these programs.

Super-Sized Food Portions Became The Norm

Value is a buzzword that is so loaded that it can often get people to shell out money for products they wouldn't normally buy, or in quantities they wouldn't normally want.

Nutrition A Tool In Fight Against AIDS

A good diet can help people better cope with AIDS and may even help delay the progression of the disease by boosting defenses, the U.N. food and health agencies said.

Scientist Finds The Gene That Determines Major Sensitivity To Bitter Taste

For the first time, in a collaboration between the National Institutes of Health, the University of Utah and Stanford University, scientists have identified the gene that determines the ability to distinguish a wide class of bitter tastes according to research published in 'Science', February 21, 2003. How individuals are genetically predisposed to respond or not respond to the bitter taste of substances like nicotine and certain foods may have broad implications for nutritional status and tobacco use.

Fatal Degenerative Neurologic Illnesses In Men Who Participated In Wild Game Feasts

No link has been found between consumption of venison affected with chronic wasting disease (CWD) and development of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD).

An E-Mail-Based Program For Nutrition Intervention

This research involved an email-based internet program designed to provide dietary screening followed by individually-tailored information directed at changing dietary behavior.
Source: American College of Preventive Medicine,

Want to Lose Weight? Beef Up

New study says more protein, fewer carbs will help and also keep your muscle mass

Red Meat + Fats + Pasta = Colon Cancer

Eating a typical Western diet increases colon cancer risk -- lots of red meat, dairy, and fried foods.

The Perfect Couple on Valentine's Day

New research shows chocolate and your heart make a good pair when it comes to health

Americans Get Bulk of Nutrition Info from TV

Television is the top source of nutrition information for nearly three quarters of Americans, out-performing newspapers and the Internet in a national survey. And 58% of the 700 adults surveyed by the American Dietetic Association (ADA) cited magazines as a major information source, up from 47% in 2000. The Internet was cited by 13% overall, up from 6% in 2000, and was most popular among adults aged 25 to 34 and college graduates.

USDA Kicks Off National School Lunch Week By Promoting Nutrition Education And Food Safety Awareness

Officials from the U.S. Department of Agriculture kicked off National School Lunch Week here during a visit to Meadow Elementary School by highlighting the 28 million children a day who are provided safe, nutritious meals under USDA's National School Lunch Program.

New Appetite Hormone Is to Diet For

Cuts food intake by one-third, research shows

Doctors' Group Takes Aim at Atkins Diet

New campaign claims it can lead to assorted health problems

Keeping Kids Kinetic

Home exercise tips for your children

L'Oreal, Nestle To Make Cosmetic Nutritional Supplements

French hair care and cosmetics group L'Oreal SA said Tuesday that it is setting up a joint venture with Swiss food group Nestle SA to develop the market for cosmetic nutritional supplements.

A Few Picnic Tips

Your outdoor picnic may be casual, but that doesn't mean you can brush aside food safety.

Scientists Begin Urgent Meeting On Cancer Fears From Acrylamide In Food

European, North American and Japanese scientists specializing in cancer-causing agents in food began an urgent meeting Tuesday to gather information on the newly suspected substance acrylamide.

Public/Private Partnership Expands To Boost Promotion Of Healthy Eating To Reduce The Risk Of Disease

Health and Human Services Secretary Tommy G. Thompson and Agriculture Secretary Ann M. Veneman announced that an alliance of federal agencies, private industry and health organizations have joined forces to strengthen efforts to help all Americans meet the recommendations of the Dietary Guidelines for fruit and vegetable consumption. This unprecedented public/private partnership will increase promotion of the 5 A Day for Better Health Program. As the largest nutrition education initiative in the world, the program encourages consumers to eat five to nine servings of fruits and vegetables a day.

Texas Tech Study On E. Coli

Researchers have found that a bacteria added to cattle feed can reduce occurrences of a sometimes-deadly strain of E. coli by up to 60 percent, offering the potential to make beef safer for consumers.

Weight-Conscious Have Been Fooled By "Low-Fat" Labeling

A strange thing happened when low-fat foods became all the rage about 10 years ago. People gained weight.

OK Of Engineered Canola Sought

A leading biotechnology company is seeking federal approval for a genetically engineered variety of canola just in case trace amounts of the cooking-oil crop are detected in U.S. seed supplies.

Someone Is Sneaking Onto New York Dairy Farms And Contaminating Milk With Antibiotics

Someone has been sneaking onto dairy farms at night in western New York and putting antibiotics into milk storage tanks and injecting cows with the drugs, police say.

Federal Appeals Court Hears Government's Arguments Over Ban On Hemp Foods, Medical Marijuana

The government fought a two-pronged battle in the drug war arguing before a federal appeals court that it can ban foods made with hemp and strip doctors of their licenses for recommending marijuana.

Fatty Acid Could Offset Postpartum Depression And Improve Babies' Development

Pregnant or nursing women may be able to reduce their chances of developing postpartum depression and improve the neurological development of their babies by increasing their consumption of the essential fatty acid DHA, according to David Kyle, Ph.D., the U.S. director of the Mother and Child Foundation. DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) is an omega-3 fatty acid mostly found in fish like tuna and salmon and in algae.
Source: American Chemical Society,

Eggs With Antibodies Need Rules

Until last year, OvImmune Inc. allegedly marketed a "magic bullet" that could stave off cancer or boost the immunity of AIDS patients - all from a common breakfast food.

Enhanced Baby Food Headed For Stores

An enhanced baby food touted as nutritionally akin to breast milk is headed for U.S. store shelves, following the lead of similarly fortified infant formulas, though pediatricians aren't yet sold on whether such products make for better babies.

USDA To Purchase Bison Meat For Nutrition Programs

Deputy Secretary of Agriculture James R. Moseley announced that USDA will purchase up to million of meat products from domestic bison during the next few months.

Officials Discuss Food Vulnerability

Agriculture industry representatives gathered to discuss the vulnerability of the nation's food supply to bioterrorism and the potential economic damage it could cause.

USDA Plan To Downgrade Texas Cattle

Federal officials plan to strip the Texas cattle industry of its tuberculosis-free status, a move that livestock producers fear could add millions of dollars to their costs and make it harder to sell their animals.

Malaysian Fruit And Vegetable Exports Rejected For High Pesticide Levels

Fruit and vegetables which have been rejected by other countries because of high pesticide levels are being sold locally in Malaysia, a government official said.

Energy Expenditure Differs By Race, Sex, And Weight Among Louisiana School Children

The identification and treatment of overweight before the onset of adolescence has important implications for health later in life, because overweight during adolescence is an independent risk factor for adult obesity and the adverse health effects that accompany it. In a new study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, DeLany et al. studied 131 preadolescent children and found that the children's energy expenditures varied by their race, sex, and weight and that each of these factors have an influence on whether a child is or will become overweight.
Source: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition,

Peanut Allergy Alert For Cookies

Mrs. Alison's Cookie Co. is voluntarily recalling a limited quantity of 12-oz. Mrs. Alison's Tango Cookies due to undeclared peanuts. The packages may actually contain Mrs. Alison's Nut Creme cookies.
Source: Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network,

Fast Food Piles On Calories

Super-sized fast food meals may cost just a few cents more, but they are no bargain when it comes to calories, a study shows.

Generation X-Tra Large: Americans Getting Fatter Younger

Study Finds Americans are getting fatter at younger ages, and the percentage of adults who are actually obese doubled since the 1960s, according to a new study of 9,179 U.S. adults.
Source: American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine,

Fast Food At Nation's Top Hospitals

Fast food and health care seem an unlikely pair. But a new study shows that fast food franchises are selling their wares in some of the most health-conscious of places -- hospitals.

Unholy Guacamole: E. Coli Found In Mexican-Style Hot Sauce Samples

Travelers' diarrhea is the scourge of travelers to locales where hygiene is poor. This study suggests another possible source for travelers' diarrhea.
Source: American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine

Getting Adults To Exercise May Hinge On Providing Paths And Pretty Scenery

Providing aesthetically pleasing and convenient places for people to walk, run and bicycle may be the key to getting adults off the couch and exercising regularly, according to a recent study.
Source: Center for the Advancement of Health,

Biological Evidence Can Persuade People To Change Unhealthy Habits

When confronted with evidence of how their behavior is harming their bodies, some people will adopt healthier attitudes and lifestyles, according to a review of existing research.
Source: Center for the Advancement of Health,

Letter Home: Your Child Is Overweight. Signed, Your School

Some parents are getting letters home from school these days, but not because their youngsters are acting up or flunking out. The problem is their children are too fat.

Dad Was Right, Broccoli Good For You

Broccoli and broccoli sprouts contain a chemical that kills the bacteria responsible for most stomach cancer, say researchers, confirming the dietary advice that moms have been handing out for years.

Carcinogen Found In Organically Grown Wheat Used As Chicken Feed

German authorities were searching Monday for the source of a banned herbicide that was found in organically grown wheat used as chicken feed.

North Dakota Researcher Looks To Lower Flatulence From Bean Products

Researcher Sam Chang is on a mission: He is looking for ways to break down the "flatulence sugars" in beans before they create an audible side effect.

FDA Seizes New Choice Food Gel Candies

The Food and Drug Administration conducted a seizure of all New Choice Food mini-gel candies at the firm's facility in Irwindale, California. This action was taken after the agency determined that this product presented a choking hazard.

Nutritional Value Of Enriched Egg Yolks As A Weaning Food For Infants
Breast-fed and formula-fed infants both face nutritional challenges at the time of weaning, at 4-6 months of age. Because breast milk is not a good source of iron, iron-rich weaning foods are important to prevent iron deficiency.
Source: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Meta-Analysis Of Zinc Supplementation Shows Positive Growth Effects For Infants And Children

Individual studies of the effect of zinc supplementation on children's growth have yielded inconsistent results due to unpredictable factors such as the availability of zinc in the local diet and the pre-existing zinc status of the study subjects.
Source: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Obesity Epidemic For Children Brings Pain Of Diseases, Social Stigma

Today, one in five children nationwide is overweight. Yet in many areas, programs to help them slim down are in short supply. From the classroom to the doctor's office, overweight children often are ignored.

Even Moderate Caloric Restriction Lowers Cancer Risk In Mice

A new National Cancer Institute study reported April 23 by Dr. Volker Mai at the Experimental Biology 2002 meeting in New Orleans shows that even moderate caloric restriction reduced by 60 percent the number of precancerous intestinal polyps in mice at high risk of gastrointestinal cancers (mice with the same genetic mutation seen in some humans who develop these cancers). Don't think you can eat less? Then eat better. Animals eating as much as they wanted of a diet high in olive oil, fruits and vegetables also had a third fewer polyps than control mice.
Source: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology,

Four New Studies Strongly Suggest That Components From Three Types Of Red Berry Fruits Help Arteries

Red berry fruits -- such as the elderberry, chokeberry and bilberry -- have been used in folk medicine in Europe and North America for centuries. Hippocrates referred to the elderberry tree as his '"medicine chest' while less famous healers have used the fruit as anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, diuretic and laxative agents, as well as for the treatment of dysentery, stomach ailments, scurvy and urinary tract problems.
Source: American Physiological Society,

Basic Motion Measuring Technology May Be Alternative To More Expensive Testing Procedures

The great nuclear-powered aircraft carriers now on station in the Indian Ocean are 1,092 feet long, or about one-fifth of a mile. These largest of warships have more than 11 decks, a flight deck area measuring four-and-one-half acres, and more than 3,000 rooms and compartments throughout. Today's sailors, male and female, expend considerable energy walking about these ships. Accordingly, their energy needs must be supported by a diet that is nutritious and meets their caloric needs.
Source: American Physiological Society,

New Evidence That Dietary Soy And Flaxseed Have Positive Effect On Obesity And Diabetes

Obesity and diabetes mellitus are two nutritional disorders that have become major public health concerns in industrialized countries because of their epidemic proportions and association with major cardiovascular risk factors that are responsible for excess morbidity and mortality. Researchers are looking for ways to combat these diseases. Plant-based, edible compounds are one answer, an animal study finds.
Source: American Physiological Society,  

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